miércoles, 9 de mayo de 2012

THE REFLEXIVES PRONOUNS

REFLEXIVES PRONOUNS
I
MYSELF
YOU
YOURSELF
HE
HIMSELF
SHE
HERSELF
IT
ITSELF
WE
OURSELVES
YOU
YOURSELVES
THEY
THEMSELVES

1-      We use reflexives pronouns as objects when the subject and the objects of the verb or preposition refer to the same person or thing.



2-      Reflexives pronouns often come after these verbs and phrases.

*      Proud of
*      Behave
*      Burn
*      Cut
*      Enjoy
*      Help
*      Hurt
*      Introduce
*      Take care of
*      Talk to
*      Teach
*      Work for.
                  e.g. I cut myself while I was shaving. Sue taught herself how to cook.
3- we use the reflexive pronouns with the preposition “by” when we mean alone or without any help.
e.g. he sits by himself for hours.

4- we do not use relatives pronouns with verbs such as: dress, wash and shave.


For more info visit this video on youtube.


THE MODAL VERBS

MODAL VERBS

http://phanmemhoctienganh.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/modals09.gif



DEFINITION: A modal verb (also modal, modal auxiliary verb, modal auxiliary) is a type of auxiliary verb  that is used to indicate modality  that is, likelihood, ability, permission, and obligation. The use of auxiliary verbs to express modality is particularly characteristic of Germanic languages. from: wikipedia

TYPES OF MODAL VERBS
1-      ABILITY
·         CAN: He can swim
·         COULD: I could not find my shoes
·         BE ABLE TO: He is able to speak three languages.
2-      POSSIBILITY
·         COULD: Could you have left it on the bus?
·         MAY: She may be ill.
·         MIGHT: Liz might not go if I am tired.
·         CAN: His wife can be very difficult at times.
3-      PERMISSION
·         CAN: Can we come in?
·         COULD: Could we stay at your house?
·         MAY: May I go to the bathroom?
4-      PROHIBITION
·         CAN NOT: you can not get up late.
·         MUST NOT: You must not tell anyone I am here.
5-      OBLIGATION
·         MUST: Everybody must report to reception on arrival.
·         HAVE TO: I have to get that letter written today.
6-      ADVICE AND CRITICISM
·         OUGHT TO: She ought to get her hair cut.
·         I should go on a diet.
7-      ASSUMPTIONS AND DEDUCTIONS
·         SHOULD: That book should be interesting.
·         MUST: There must be a leak; the floor is wet.
8-      REQUESTS
·         CAN: Can you help me lift this, please?
·         COULD: Could you pass me the salt?
·         WILL: Will you buy me a puppy, dad?
·         WOULD: Would you post this letter for me, please?
9-      OFFERS AND SUGGESTIONS
·         SHALL: Shall I make you a sandwich?.  Shall we go now?
·         WILL:  I will drive you to the station.
·         CAN: Can I help you?


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